Apart from the lipids present in the nuclear envelope, the nucleus also contains lipids which are located further inside and are resistant to treatment with nonionic detergents. Evidence is being accumulated on the importance of internal nuclear lipid metabolism. Nuclear lipid metabolism gives rise to several lipid second messengers that function within the nucleus. Moreover, it is beginning to emerge that nuclear lipids not only act as precursors of bioactive second messengers but may be directly involved in regulation of nuclear structure and gene expression. Over the last 10 years, especially the role of the inositol lipid cycle in nuclear signal transduction has been extensively studied. This cycle is activated following a variety of stimuli and is regulated independently from the inositide cycle located at the plasma membrane. However, the nucleus contain other lipids, such as phosphatidylcholine, sphingomyelin, fatty acids and eicosanoids. There are numerous reports which suggest that these classes of nuclear lipids may play roles in the nucleus as important as those of phosphoinositides. This review aims at highlighting the most important aspects regarding the metabolism and signaling activities of nuclear phosphatidylcholine, sphingomyelin, fatty acids and eicosanoids.

Metabolism and signaling activities of nuclear lipids.

CAPPELLINI, Alessandra;
2004

Abstract

Apart from the lipids present in the nuclear envelope, the nucleus also contains lipids which are located further inside and are resistant to treatment with nonionic detergents. Evidence is being accumulated on the importance of internal nuclear lipid metabolism. Nuclear lipid metabolism gives rise to several lipid second messengers that function within the nucleus. Moreover, it is beginning to emerge that nuclear lipids not only act as precursors of bioactive second messengers but may be directly involved in regulation of nuclear structure and gene expression. Over the last 10 years, especially the role of the inositol lipid cycle in nuclear signal transduction has been extensively studied. This cycle is activated following a variety of stimuli and is regulated independently from the inositide cycle located at the plasma membrane. However, the nucleus contain other lipids, such as phosphatidylcholine, sphingomyelin, fatty acids and eicosanoids. There are numerous reports which suggest that these classes of nuclear lipids may play roles in the nucleus as important as those of phosphoinositides. This review aims at highlighting the most important aspects regarding the metabolism and signaling activities of nuclear phosphatidylcholine, sphingomyelin, fatty acids and eicosanoids.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11580/9819
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