he airborne transmission in indoor environments represents the main pathway of respiratory pathogens, and most of the indoor environments do not have adequate ventilation to contain the risk of infection. This is particularly relevant for gathering spaces such as restaurants, schools, offices, etc. due to the long exposure times and high crowding levels. In this paper we investigated the effectiveness of a novel patented personal air cleaner in reducing the airborne transmission of respiratory pathogens both in close proximity (considering a typical face-to-face configuration at a conversational distance) and in shared indoor environments despite maintaining distancing (lecture room). The effectiveness of the portable protection device was investigated using complex transient 3D Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) numerical simulations. The mathematical model employed, validated through experimental measurements, is based on a Eulerian-Lagrangian approach, describing the air flow as the continuous phase and infectious respiratory particles as the discrete phase. The CFD analyses revealed that the air cleaner could strongly reduce the inhalation of respiratory pathogens in both the investigated scenarios. The air cleaner effectiveness in the case of a close proximity scenario, expressed as relative reduction of volume of infectious respiratory particles inhaled by the exposed subject, resulted >92%. In the case of use in a shared indoor environment, instead, during a 2-h lesson, the relative reduction of volume concentration of infectious particles in the breathing zone of the exposed subject was >99%.

Effectiveness of a portable personal air cleaner in reducing the airborne transmission of respiratory pathogens

Cortellessa G.;Canale C.;Stabile L.;Grossi G.;Buonanno G.;Arpino F.
2023-01-01

Abstract

he airborne transmission in indoor environments represents the main pathway of respiratory pathogens, and most of the indoor environments do not have adequate ventilation to contain the risk of infection. This is particularly relevant for gathering spaces such as restaurants, schools, offices, etc. due to the long exposure times and high crowding levels. In this paper we investigated the effectiveness of a novel patented personal air cleaner in reducing the airborne transmission of respiratory pathogens both in close proximity (considering a typical face-to-face configuration at a conversational distance) and in shared indoor environments despite maintaining distancing (lecture room). The effectiveness of the portable protection device was investigated using complex transient 3D Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) numerical simulations. The mathematical model employed, validated through experimental measurements, is based on a Eulerian-Lagrangian approach, describing the air flow as the continuous phase and infectious respiratory particles as the discrete phase. The CFD analyses revealed that the air cleaner could strongly reduce the inhalation of respiratory pathogens in both the investigated scenarios. The air cleaner effectiveness in the case of a close proximity scenario, expressed as relative reduction of volume of infectious respiratory particles inhaled by the exposed subject, resulted >92%. In the case of use in a shared indoor environment, instead, during a 2-h lesson, the relative reduction of volume concentration of infectious particles in the breathing zone of the exposed subject was >99%.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11580/97584
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