Operations in copper sulfide flotation plants (CSFP) are complex and governed by several variables such as available technologies, reagents, and environmental conditions. However, few investigations are related to studying the microbial communities. These aspects provide a reason to compare the bacterial communities of two CSFP operated with freshwater (FwFlo) and seawater (SwFlo), and study whether indigenous bacteria could be used as pyrite bioreagents. Analyses were determined through next-generation sequencing by Illumina MiSeq System and conducted throughout the entire process: (i) minerals before and after grinding; (ii) final concentrate and concentrate thickener overflow; (iii) final tailings and tailings thickener overflow; and (iv) intake water. Bacterial strains from both plants were tested as potential bioreagents, given their tendency to adhere to pyrite after 5 min. In both CSFP, Proteobacteria (relative abundance from 45.48% to 79.22%), followed by Bacteroidetes (9.37%–44.7%), were the most abundant phyla. Regarding species, Algoriphagus olei (11.35%–43.52%) was present exclusively in FwFlo samples in contact with process water and absent in the mineral before grinding, where Cupriavidus metallidurans (16.05%) and Pseudomonas_uc (11.79%) predominated. In SwFlo samples, Marinobacter flavimaris (3.47%–41.1%), and GU061212-s (10.92%–27.63%), were the most abundant microorganisms. All of them were also detected in intake seawater. The strains with the highest adhesion rate (from 29.84% ± 0.14–100%) were phylogenetically identified as species of the genera Marinobacter, Pseudomonas, Idiomarina, Halomonas, Bacillus, Aerocuccus, and Peribacillus. Our results reveal that bacterial communities are critically dependent on process waters during mining activities, and our data depicted that indigenous bacteria could be used as potential pyrite bioreagents, evidenced by a high adhesion rate. It is thus possible to propose that different indigenous bacterial strains could be considered as new bioreagents to reduce the impact of conventional flotation reagents on health from an environment friendly perspective.

The microbial world in copper sulfide flotation plants (CSFP): Novel insights into bacterial communities and their application as potential pyrite bioreagents

Race M.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Operations in copper sulfide flotation plants (CSFP) are complex and governed by several variables such as available technologies, reagents, and environmental conditions. However, few investigations are related to studying the microbial communities. These aspects provide a reason to compare the bacterial communities of two CSFP operated with freshwater (FwFlo) and seawater (SwFlo), and study whether indigenous bacteria could be used as pyrite bioreagents. Analyses were determined through next-generation sequencing by Illumina MiSeq System and conducted throughout the entire process: (i) minerals before and after grinding; (ii) final concentrate and concentrate thickener overflow; (iii) final tailings and tailings thickener overflow; and (iv) intake water. Bacterial strains from both plants were tested as potential bioreagents, given their tendency to adhere to pyrite after 5 min. In both CSFP, Proteobacteria (relative abundance from 45.48% to 79.22%), followed by Bacteroidetes (9.37%–44.7%), were the most abundant phyla. Regarding species, Algoriphagus olei (11.35%–43.52%) was present exclusively in FwFlo samples in contact with process water and absent in the mineral before grinding, where Cupriavidus metallidurans (16.05%) and Pseudomonas_uc (11.79%) predominated. In SwFlo samples, Marinobacter flavimaris (3.47%–41.1%), and GU061212-s (10.92%–27.63%), were the most abundant microorganisms. All of them were also detected in intake seawater. The strains with the highest adhesion rate (from 29.84% ± 0.14–100%) were phylogenetically identified as species of the genera Marinobacter, Pseudomonas, Idiomarina, Halomonas, Bacillus, Aerocuccus, and Peribacillus. Our results reveal that bacterial communities are critically dependent on process waters during mining activities, and our data depicted that indigenous bacteria could be used as potential pyrite bioreagents, evidenced by a high adhesion rate. It is thus possible to propose that different indigenous bacterial strains could be considered as new bioreagents to reduce the impact of conventional flotation reagents on health from an environment friendly perspective.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11580/97305
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