In this paper, a new circuit model for the propagation of electric signals along carbon nanotube interconnects is derived from a fluid model description of the nanotube electrodynamics. The conduction electrons are regarded as a 2-D charged fluid, interacting with the electromagnetic field produced by the ion lattice, the conduction electron themselves, and the external sources. This interaction may be assumed to be governed by a linearized Euler’s equation, which provides the nanotube constitutive equation to be coupled to Maxwell equations. A derivation of a circuit model is then possible within the frame of the classical multiconductor transmission-line (TL) theory. The elementary cell of this TL model differs from those proposed in literature, due to the definition of the circuit variable corresponding to the voltage. When considering small nanotube radius, we obtain values for the kinetic inductance and quantum capacitance that are consistent with literature. These values are corrected here to take into account the influence of larger values of radius properly. Conversely, the value of the per unit length resistance is roughly half of the value usually adopted in literature. The multiconductor TL model is used to study the scaling law of the parameters with the number of carbon nanotubes in a bundle.

A New Circuit Model for Carbon Nanotube Interconnects With Diameter-Dependent Parameters

MAFFUCCI, Antonio;VILLONE, Fabio
2009

Abstract

In this paper, a new circuit model for the propagation of electric signals along carbon nanotube interconnects is derived from a fluid model description of the nanotube electrodynamics. The conduction electrons are regarded as a 2-D charged fluid, interacting with the electromagnetic field produced by the ion lattice, the conduction electron themselves, and the external sources. This interaction may be assumed to be governed by a linearized Euler’s equation, which provides the nanotube constitutive equation to be coupled to Maxwell equations. A derivation of a circuit model is then possible within the frame of the classical multiconductor transmission-line (TL) theory. The elementary cell of this TL model differs from those proposed in literature, due to the definition of the circuit variable corresponding to the voltage. When considering small nanotube radius, we obtain values for the kinetic inductance and quantum capacitance that are consistent with literature. These values are corrected here to take into account the influence of larger values of radius properly. Conversely, the value of the per unit length resistance is roughly half of the value usually adopted in literature. The multiconductor TL model is used to study the scaling law of the parameters with the number of carbon nanotubes in a bundle.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11580/9413
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