The recurrent dredging of marine sediments needs the use of ex–situ technologies such as sediment washing (SW) to effectively remove polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Notwithstanding, the large volumes of generated spent SW effluents require adequate treatment by employing highly–efficient, inexpensive and environmentally–friendly solutions. This study proposes the phenanthrene (PHE) desorption from sediments using Tween® 80 (TW80) as extracting agent and the treatment of the resulting spent SW solution in a biochar (BC) immobilized–cell bioreactor. The SW process reached the highest PHE removal of about 91% using a surfactant solution containing 10,800 mg L−1 of TW80. The generated amount of spent PHE–polluted SW solution can be controlled by keeping a solid to liquid ratio of 1:4. A PHE degradation of up to 96% was subsequently achieved after 43 days of continuous reactor operation, aerobically treating the TW80 solution in the BC immobilized–cell bioreactor with a hydraulic retention time of 3.5 days. Brevundimonas, Chryseobacterium, Dysgonomonas, Nubsella, and both uncultured Weeksellaceae and Xanthobacteraceae genera were mainly involved in PHE biodegradation. A rough economic study showed a total cost of 342.60 € ton−1 of sediment, including the SW operations, TW80 and BC supply and the biological treatment of the SW solution.

Coupling of desorption of phenanthrene from marine sediments and biodegradation of the sediment washing solution in a novel biochar immobilized–cell reactor

Bianco F.
;
Race M.;
2022

Abstract

The recurrent dredging of marine sediments needs the use of ex–situ technologies such as sediment washing (SW) to effectively remove polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Notwithstanding, the large volumes of generated spent SW effluents require adequate treatment by employing highly–efficient, inexpensive and environmentally–friendly solutions. This study proposes the phenanthrene (PHE) desorption from sediments using Tween® 80 (TW80) as extracting agent and the treatment of the resulting spent SW solution in a biochar (BC) immobilized–cell bioreactor. The SW process reached the highest PHE removal of about 91% using a surfactant solution containing 10,800 mg L−1 of TW80. The generated amount of spent PHE–polluted SW solution can be controlled by keeping a solid to liquid ratio of 1:4. A PHE degradation of up to 96% was subsequently achieved after 43 days of continuous reactor operation, aerobically treating the TW80 solution in the BC immobilized–cell bioreactor with a hydraulic retention time of 3.5 days. Brevundimonas, Chryseobacterium, Dysgonomonas, Nubsella, and both uncultured Weeksellaceae and Xanthobacteraceae genera were mainly involved in PHE biodegradation. A rough economic study showed a total cost of 342.60 € ton−1 of sediment, including the SW operations, TW80 and BC supply and the biological treatment of the SW solution.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0269749122008351-main.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Copyright dell'editore
Dimensione 2.37 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.37 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11580/92034
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 4
social impact