The number of active users, their timing offsets, and their (possibly dispersive) channels with the access point are decisive parameters for wireless code division multiple access (CDMA). Estimating them as accurately as possible using as short as possible training sequences can markedly improve error performance as well as the capacity of CDMA systems. The fresh look advocated here permeates benefits from recent advances in variable selection (VS) and compressive sampling (CS) approaches to multiuser communications by casting estimation of these parameters as a sparse linear regression problem. Novel estimators are developed by exploiting two forms of sparsity present: the first emerging from user (in) activity, and the second because the actual nonzero parameters are very few relative to the number of candidate user delays and channel taps. Simulations demonstrate an order of magnitude gains in performance when sparsity-aware estimators of CDMA parameters are compared to sparsity-agnostic standard least-squares based alternatives.

Sparsity-aware estimation of CDMA system parameters

ANGELOSANTE, Daniele;GROSSI, Emanuele;LOPS, Marco
2009

Abstract

The number of active users, their timing offsets, and their (possibly dispersive) channels with the access point are decisive parameters for wireless code division multiple access (CDMA). Estimating them as accurately as possible using as short as possible training sequences can markedly improve error performance as well as the capacity of CDMA systems. The fresh look advocated here permeates benefits from recent advances in variable selection (VS) and compressive sampling (CS) approaches to multiuser communications by casting estimation of these parameters as a sparse linear regression problem. Novel estimators are developed by exploiting two forms of sparsity present: the first emerging from user (in) activity, and the second because the actual nonzero parameters are very few relative to the number of candidate user delays and channel taps. Simulations demonstrate an order of magnitude gains in performance when sparsity-aware estimators of CDMA parameters are compared to sparsity-agnostic standard least-squares based alternatives.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11580/4799
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