Opposing interests, bounded rationality and decisional bias may severely hinder conflict resolution. When the commitment for an agreement is high, opponents can resort to the intervention of a third party, such as a mediator. We propose a methodology to enhance conflict resolution, which is based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and takes into account the psychological attitudes of the conflicting parties. The AHP Technique for Highly Eligible Negotiation Agreements (ATHENA) supports a third party in selecting, among potential negotiation agreements, those proposals having the best chances to be accepted by adverse parties. We illustrate an implementation of ATHENA that involved 160 students simulating "Union versus Management" negotiations. A control group of 40 couples negotiated without any Decision Support System, while the other 40 couples were supported by ATHENA. The results show that the procedure implementation outperformed unsupported negotiation by increasing the number and the fairness of agreements.

Enhancing Conflict Resolution through an AHP-Based Methodology

GRECO, Marco
2014

Abstract

Opposing interests, bounded rationality and decisional bias may severely hinder conflict resolution. When the commitment for an agreement is high, opponents can resort to the intervention of a third party, such as a mediator. We propose a methodology to enhance conflict resolution, which is based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and takes into account the psychological attitudes of the conflicting parties. The AHP Technique for Highly Eligible Negotiation Agreements (ATHENA) supports a third party in selecting, among potential negotiation agreements, those proposals having the best chances to be accepted by adverse parties. We illustrate an implementation of ATHENA that involved 160 students simulating "Union versus Management" negotiations. A control group of 40 couples negotiated without any Decision Support System, while the other 40 couples were supported by ATHENA. The results show that the procedure implementation outperformed unsupported negotiation by increasing the number and the fairness of agreements.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11580/27907
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