Entitled full text(opens in a new window)|OPAC Cassino|Order document(opens in a new window)|View at Publisher| Order Document | Export | Download | Add to List | More... Environmental Technology (United Kingdom) Volume 34, Issue 9, 2013, Pages 1141-1149 Biological inverse fluidized-bed reactors for the treatment of low pH- and sulphate-containing wastewaters under different COD/SO2- 4 conditions (Article) Papirio, S.a , Esposito, G.a, Pirozzi, F.b a Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, University of Cassino and the Southern Lazio, Cassino, Italy b Department of Hydraulic, Geotechnical and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples, Naples, Italy View references (39) Abstract The feasibility of removing sulphate using low-density polypropylene pellets as carrier material in two lactate-fed sulphidogenic inverse fluidized-bed reactors was investigated. Two different COD/sulphate ratios and two different feed-sulphate concentrations were used for the operation of the reactors. During the 242 days of operation, the robustness of the system was studied by suddenly decreasing the feed pH to 3.00. A 10% fluidization degree was used since the carrier material adopted showed not to be adequate to attain a satisfactory immobilization of the biomass with higher fluidization degrees. This resulted in a failure of the process when the feed pH was intentionally decreased to 3.00 in reactor 2, operated with a COD/sulphate ratio of 4.00. On the contrary, when a slightly acidic feed solution was fed to reactor 2, a 97% sulphate reduction efficiency was obtained. In reactor 1, operated with a COD/sulphate ratio of 0.67 throughout the experiment, COD removal and sulphate reduction efficiencies reached the highest values of 75% and 35%, respectively. Higher efficiencies were not achieved also due to the accumulation of acetate and the most likely presence of microbial competition between sulphate reducers and other microorganisms.

Biological inverse fluidized-bed reactors for the treatment of low pH- and sulfate-containing wastewaters under different COD/SO42- conditions

PAPIRIO, Stefano;ESPOSITO, Giovanni;
2013-01-01

Abstract

Entitled full text(opens in a new window)|OPAC Cassino|Order document(opens in a new window)|View at Publisher| Order Document | Export | Download | Add to List | More... Environmental Technology (United Kingdom) Volume 34, Issue 9, 2013, Pages 1141-1149 Biological inverse fluidized-bed reactors for the treatment of low pH- and sulphate-containing wastewaters under different COD/SO2- 4 conditions (Article) Papirio, S.a , Esposito, G.a, Pirozzi, F.b a Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, University of Cassino and the Southern Lazio, Cassino, Italy b Department of Hydraulic, Geotechnical and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples, Naples, Italy View references (39) Abstract The feasibility of removing sulphate using low-density polypropylene pellets as carrier material in two lactate-fed sulphidogenic inverse fluidized-bed reactors was investigated. Two different COD/sulphate ratios and two different feed-sulphate concentrations were used for the operation of the reactors. During the 242 days of operation, the robustness of the system was studied by suddenly decreasing the feed pH to 3.00. A 10% fluidization degree was used since the carrier material adopted showed not to be adequate to attain a satisfactory immobilization of the biomass with higher fluidization degrees. This resulted in a failure of the process when the feed pH was intentionally decreased to 3.00 in reactor 2, operated with a COD/sulphate ratio of 4.00. On the contrary, when a slightly acidic feed solution was fed to reactor 2, a 97% sulphate reduction efficiency was obtained. In reactor 1, operated with a COD/sulphate ratio of 0.67 throughout the experiment, COD removal and sulphate reduction efficiencies reached the highest values of 75% and 35%, respectively. Higher efficiencies were not achieved also due to the accumulation of acetate and the most likely presence of microbial competition between sulphate reducers and other microorganisms.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11580/24306
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