Among the causes of deep-seated gravitational slope deformations (DGSD), the most important is relief energy, which is closely related to the intensity of the active tectonic deformations, either at the regional scale or at the scale of a single active fault. We analyzed some examples of DGSD from the Eastern border of the Fucino basin, in the Central Apennines, where extensional tectonics has been active since the late Pliocene. Photogeological and field geomorphological analysis was performed to identify landforms typically associated with DGSD, such as counterslope scarps, double crests, trenches, and bulging slopes. These features are located on a mountain range at less than 1 km from the causative fault of the 1915 Avezzano earthquake. We used the SBAS Differential SAR Interferometry technique to measure the slow movements of the surface, and calculated differential vertical and horizontal ground velocities of 2–4 mm yr−1 during the period spanning from 1992 to 2001. The quantitative information on the kinematics of the deformation provided some inferences on the different processes responsible for the evolution of the observed DGSD. The displacement time series shows non-linear deformation trends at some locations, possibly correlated with a strong meteorological event. We speculate that DGSD in this area are normally subject to slow deformation, and that sudden slip along sliding surfaces (observed in excavations) may sporadically be triggered off by extreme meteorological or seismic events. Evidence of catastrophic collapse of previous DGSD along the same mountain slope reinforce this hypothesis.

Insights on the kinematics of deep-seated gravitational slope deformations along the1915 Avezzano earthquake fault (Central Italy), from time-series DInSAR

SAROLI, Michele;
2009

Abstract

Among the causes of deep-seated gravitational slope deformations (DGSD), the most important is relief energy, which is closely related to the intensity of the active tectonic deformations, either at the regional scale or at the scale of a single active fault. We analyzed some examples of DGSD from the Eastern border of the Fucino basin, in the Central Apennines, where extensional tectonics has been active since the late Pliocene. Photogeological and field geomorphological analysis was performed to identify landforms typically associated with DGSD, such as counterslope scarps, double crests, trenches, and bulging slopes. These features are located on a mountain range at less than 1 km from the causative fault of the 1915 Avezzano earthquake. We used the SBAS Differential SAR Interferometry technique to measure the slow movements of the surface, and calculated differential vertical and horizontal ground velocities of 2–4 mm yr−1 during the period spanning from 1992 to 2001. The quantitative information on the kinematics of the deformation provided some inferences on the different processes responsible for the evolution of the observed DGSD. The displacement time series shows non-linear deformation trends at some locations, possibly correlated with a strong meteorological event. We speculate that DGSD in this area are normally subject to slow deformation, and that sudden slip along sliding surfaces (observed in excavations) may sporadically be triggered off by extreme meteorological or seismic events. Evidence of catastrophic collapse of previous DGSD along the same mountain slope reinforce this hypothesis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11580/18525
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