This work presents a monitoring study designed to evaluate workers' exposure to particles in several body shops within automotiveplants. Concentrations in the proximity of welding activities were measured by a Fast Mobility Particle Sizer, several Condensation Particle Counters, a Nanoparticle Surface Area Monitor and a laser photometer, as well as by several gravimetric samplers. Average concentrations were found to be 1×105 part cm−3, 3×103 μm2 cm−3 and 0.4 mg m−3 for number, surface area and PM1 concentration, respectively (worst case). Very high concentrations, particularly for surface area, were observed in locations with a high density of manual resistance welding activities or close to oxyacetylene welding activities. Welding emission factors in the automotiveplants were also evaluated and in the most critical body shop, the overall welding activities led to emission factors of 2.8×1015 part min−1, 7.0×106 μm2 min−1 and 7.9 g min−1 for number, surface area and PM1 concentrations, respectively. Finally, particle concentration characterization, along with air exchange ratio measurements in the body shop, showed that the indoor concentrations and, hence, worker particleexposure can be reduced through the use of local exhaust ventilation.

Exposure to welding particles in automotive plants

BUONANNO, Giorgio;STABILE, Luca
2011

Abstract

This work presents a monitoring study designed to evaluate workers' exposure to particles in several body shops within automotiveplants. Concentrations in the proximity of welding activities were measured by a Fast Mobility Particle Sizer, several Condensation Particle Counters, a Nanoparticle Surface Area Monitor and a laser photometer, as well as by several gravimetric samplers. Average concentrations were found to be 1×105 part cm−3, 3×103 μm2 cm−3 and 0.4 mg m−3 for number, surface area and PM1 concentration, respectively (worst case). Very high concentrations, particularly for surface area, were observed in locations with a high density of manual resistance welding activities or close to oxyacetylene welding activities. Welding emission factors in the automotiveplants were also evaluated and in the most critical body shop, the overall welding activities led to emission factors of 2.8×1015 part min−1, 7.0×106 μm2 min−1 and 7.9 g min−1 for number, surface area and PM1 concentrations, respectively. Finally, particle concentration characterization, along with air exchange ratio measurements in the body shop, showed that the indoor concentrations and, hence, worker particleexposure can be reduced through the use of local exhaust ventilation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11580/15773
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