The aim of the present paper is to propose a phenomenological thermodynamically consistent 3D model for shape memory alloys (SMA) in the finite strain range. In particular, a model able to predict the main features of SMA materials, such as the superelastic and the shape-memory effects, is proposed. The model is based on the assumption of the local multiplicative split of the deformation gradient into an elastic and a phase transformation part. The governing state and evolutive equations are written in the undeformed configuration. The material parameters of the model are characterized by a clear physical meaning so that they can be determined by simple experimental tests. The finite deformation SMA model is also reformulated in the framework of small strain, linearizing the strain and stress measures in order to obtain a consistent constitutive model preserving the nonlinear material response. A robust algorithm is adopted in order to integrate the nonlinear evolutive equations; 2D and 3D finite elements are implemented in a numerical code considering finite and small deformations. Some numerical applications are carried out showing the performances of the proposed model and the developed numerical procedure to describe the superelastic and the shape-memory effects of SMA devices. Comparisons of different results obtained by the small and finite strain formulations are reported.

A three-dimensional SMA constitutive model in the framework of finite strains

MARFIA, Sonia;SACCO, Elio
2010-01-01

Abstract

The aim of the present paper is to propose a phenomenological thermodynamically consistent 3D model for shape memory alloys (SMA) in the finite strain range. In particular, a model able to predict the main features of SMA materials, such as the superelastic and the shape-memory effects, is proposed. The model is based on the assumption of the local multiplicative split of the deformation gradient into an elastic and a phase transformation part. The governing state and evolutive equations are written in the undeformed configuration. The material parameters of the model are characterized by a clear physical meaning so that they can be determined by simple experimental tests. The finite deformation SMA model is also reformulated in the framework of small strain, linearizing the strain and stress measures in order to obtain a consistent constitutive model preserving the nonlinear material response. A robust algorithm is adopted in order to integrate the nonlinear evolutive equations; 2D and 3D finite elements are implemented in a numerical code considering finite and small deformations. Some numerical applications are carried out showing the performances of the proposed model and the developed numerical procedure to describe the superelastic and the shape-memory effects of SMA devices. Comparisons of different results obtained by the small and finite strain formulations are reported.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11580/13264
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