Approximately two hundred human burials on the edge of a paleolake in Niger provide a uniquely preserved record of human occupation in the Sahara under severe climatic fluctuation during the Holocene. Based on direct dating of human burials and midden materials, two occupational phases are identified that correspond with humid intervals in the early and mid-Holocene. The older occupants, which show affinities with Late Pleistocene inhabitants of the Maghreb, are buried in hyperflexed positions and compose the earliest cemetery in the Sahara (~7500-6200 B.C.E.). They vanish under arid conditions and are followed by a more gracile people with burials with grave goods, including ivory ornaments, when humid conditions return (~4600-2800 B.C.E.). A single lakeside locale called Gobero chronicles the rapid pace of biosocial change in response to severe climatic change.

Lakeside cemeteries in the Sahara: 5000 years of Holocene population and environmental change.

GARCEA, Elena Antonella Alda;
2008

Abstract

Approximately two hundred human burials on the edge of a paleolake in Niger provide a uniquely preserved record of human occupation in the Sahara under severe climatic fluctuation during the Holocene. Based on direct dating of human burials and midden materials, two occupational phases are identified that correspond with humid intervals in the early and mid-Holocene. The older occupants, which show affinities with Late Pleistocene inhabitants of the Maghreb, are buried in hyperflexed positions and compose the earliest cemetery in the Sahara (~7500-6200 B.C.E.). They vanish under arid conditions and are followed by a more gracile people with burials with grave goods, including ivory ornaments, when humid conditions return (~4600-2800 B.C.E.). A single lakeside locale called Gobero chronicles the rapid pace of biosocial change in response to severe climatic change.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
42055_UPLOAD.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Altro materiale allegato
Licenza: DRM non definito
Dimensione 4.14 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
4.14 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11580/10536
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 95
social impact